Safety precautions in the Sun

Keep your family safe this summer by following some of these tips from the American Academy of Pediatrics (AAP).

Babies under 6 months:
The two main recommendations from the AAP to prevent sunburn are to avoid sun exposure, and to dress infants in lightweight long pants, long-sleeved shirts, and brimmed hats that shade the neck to prevent sunburn. However, when adequate clothing and shade are not available, parents can apply a minimal amount of sunscreen with at least 15 SPF (sun protection factor) to small areas, such as the infant's face and the back of the hands. If an infant gets sunburn, apply cool compresses to the affected area.

For All Other Children:
• The first, and best, line of defense against harmful ultraviolet radiation (UVR) exposure is covering up. Stay in the shade whenever possible, and limit sun exposure during the peak intensity hours ' between 10 a.m. and 4 p.m.
• Wear a hat with a three-inch brim or a bill facing forward, sunglasses (look for sunglasses that provide 97% -100% protection against both UVA and UVB rays), and clothing with a tight weave.
• On both sunny and cloudy days use a sunscreen with an SPF 15 or greater that protects against UVA and UVB rays.
• Be sure to apply enough sunscreen ' about one ounce per sitting for a young adult.
• Reapply sunscreen every two hours, or after swimming or sweating.
• Use extra caution near water and sand (and even snow!) as they reflect UV rays and may result in sunburn more quickly.

Heat Stress in Infants:
• Infants and small children are not able to regulate their body temperature in the same way that adults do. Every year, children die from heat stroke from being left in a hot car, often unintentionally, with the majority of these deaths occurring in children 3 and under. Here are a few tips for parents when traveling in a car with infants or young children:
• Always check the back seat to make sure all children are out of the car when you arrive at your destination.
• Avoid distractions while driving, especially cell phone use.
• Be especially aware of kids in the car when there is a change from the routine, ie. someone else is driving them in the morning, you take a different route to work or child care.
• Have your childcare provider call if your child has not arrived within 10 minutes of the expected arrival time.
• Place your cell phone, bag or purse in the back seat, so you are reminded to check the back seat when you arrive at your destination.
• The inside of a car can reach dangerous temperatures quickly, even when the outside temperature is not hot. Never leave a child alone in a car, even if you expect to come back soon. Lock your car when it is parked so children cannot get in without supervision.

Heat Stress in Exercising Children:
The intensity of activities that last 15 minutes or more should be reduced whenever high heat or humidity reach critical levels.
• At the beginning of a strenuous exercise program or after traveling to a warmer climate, the intensity and duration of outdoor activities should start low and then gradually increase over 7 to 14 days to acclimate to the heat, particularly if it is very humid.
• Before outdoor physical activities, children should drink freely and should not feel thirsty. During activities less than one hour, water alone is fine. Kids should always have water or a sports drink available and take a break to drink every 20 minutes while active in the heat.
• Clothing should be light-colored and lightweight and limited to one layer of absorbent material to facilitate evaporation of sweat. Sweat-saturated shirts should be replaced by dry clothing.
• Practices and games played in the heat should be shortened and there should be more frequent water/hydration breaks. Children should promptly move to cooler environments if they feel dizzy, lightheaded or nauseated.

You can access the Spanish version of this article here.

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Sun Protection Factor (SPF) is higher number better

Check this link, SPF value of sunscreen with higher value need more information. For adults sunscreen with SPF value 50 is enough compared to 100 and would not provide much benefits due to the higher number.

Sunscreen with at least SPF 30 should be used for children over 6 months every time they go out in the sun for grown ups they should use sunscreen with atleast SPF 15 rating. For the best protection, apply sunscreen generously 30 minutes before going outdoors. Sunscreens contain chemicals that absorb or reflect UV rays.
The effectiveness of the sunscreen depends on number of factors including how often it is applied, how much is absorbed into the skin, the activity engaged in, and the skin type of the user. And be sure to use the water resistant and waterproof sunscreens for such activities.

Take sunscreen with you to reapply during the day, especially after your child swims or exercises. This applies to waterproof and water-resistant products as well. UV rays are strongest and most harmful during midday, so it’s best to plan indoor activities then. If this is not possible, seek shade under a tree, an umbrella, or a pop-up tent. Use these options to prevent sunburn, not to seek relief after it’s happened.

Babies under 6 months of age should be kept out of the sun as much as possible, and try to use a wide brimmed hat and loose fitting clothing to shield them. Use UV protection sunglasses to avoid eyesight damage later in life. One thing we do know to be fact is that too much sunlight increases the risk of melanomas and other skin cancers.

Too Much Sun Hurts:
• Warning: Even a few serious sunburns can increase your child’s risk of getting skin cancer.
• Turning pink: Unprotected skin can be damaged by the sun’s UV rays in as little as 15 minutes. Yet it can take up to 12 hours for skin to show the full effect of sun exposure. So, if your child’s skin looks “a little pink” today, it may be burned tomorrow morning. To prevent further burning, get your child out of the sun.
• Tan: There’s no other way to say it—tanned skin is damaged skin. Any change in the color of your child’s skin after time outside—whether sunburn or suntan—indicates damage from UV rays.
• Cool and cloudy: Children still need protection. UV rays, not the temperature, do the damage. Clouds do not block UV rays, they filter them—and sometimes only slightly.

If your child has recently experienced any sunburns issues talk to your Pediatrician to make sure everthing is fine.

City of Little Elm was a small community on the shores of Lake Lewisville with only about 3,600 year-round residents in 2000 when George W. Bush was still governor of Texas. This town is now amoong the region's newest big city with residents estimated population of 39.5k people in 2017, Little Elm, TX had a with a median age of 32.8 and a median household income of $93,094. Between 2016 and 2017 the population of Little Elm, TX grew from 35,553 to 39,471, a 11% increase. Little Elm's growth is in line with other North Texas cities.